『To achieve the SDGs ~SDGs and Peace~』
"Peace”. This perspective is crucial for understanding the SDGs. Most problems that SDGs are trying to overcome were mainly caused by humans. Oil depletion, deforestation, water shortage problems, global warming and many others. As noted earlier, many problems have been caused by humans. But how have they been doing? There are many causes, but 'wars and conflicts' are probably the biggest.
The war in Ukraine has led to devastating consequences. Countless lives are lost, and the education of children is disrupted where schools become inaccessible (Goal 4). The conflict also hinders economic growth (Goal 8) and causes irreversible damage to the natural resources of the sea and land (Goals 14,15). Furthermore, the values of peace and justice are undermined, casting a shadow over the nation (Goal 16).
Moreover, Russia's refusal to export grain may have far-reaching implications, potentially causing hunger issues not only in impoverished countries in Africa and Asia but also globally (Goal 2);. In addition to this, the scarcity of resources could lead to widespread poverty, leaving people financially depleted (Goal 1). Consequently, lacking sufficient funds, individuals will be unable to access essential medical facilities (Goal 3) and afford the expenses of education (Goal 4).
As you can see, war causes numerous problems. One problem can cause a cascade of other problems. A similar concept applies to the SDGs themselves, as they are highly interrelated. For instance, let's consider SDGs goal 1, "End poverty",and SDGs goal 2, "Zero hunger". These goals are closely related. People living in poverty often face financial constraints that prevent them from buying food, resulting in hunger and malnutrition. The link between these goals is evident, illustrating the interdependence of SDGs targets.
War and conflict perpetuate a negative cycle that hinders the achievement of the SDGs, each of which is highly relevant as they address interconnected global issues. While it's crucial to aim for accomplishing all the goals, the 2030 time limit makes it challenging. The SDGs's objectives and the problems they aim to solve are closely intertwined, suggesting that progress in one goal can trigger a chain effect towards resolving others.
Let's give an example. Suppose the world successfully achieved the goal of providing universal access to clean water and sanitation (Goal 6). The ripple effects of this accomplishment would be profound, yielding numerous benefits across various other SDGs goals. With clean water and proper sanitation available to all, the prevalence of waterborne diseases would significantly decrease, positively impacting global health and well-being (Goal 3). The availability of clean drinking water, even if not entirely solving food scarcity, would be a critical step towards addressing hunger and supporting efforts to achieve zero hunger (Goal 2). The significant impact on peace and conflict resolution (Goal 16) would be notable, as disputes over water resources could diminish, leading to fewer conflicts and reduced casualties. Improved access to clean water would also contribute to efforts to combat poverty (Goal 1) since healthier populations are more productive and less burdened by medical expenses, fostering economic development and lifting communities out of poverty. Additionally, achieving Goal 6 would support other interconnected SDGs, such as Goal 7 (affordable and clean energy) and Goal 13 (climate action) by promoting sustainable water use and renewable energy sources. In conclusion, the successful realization of Goal 6, clean water and sanitation, would trigger a chain reaction of positive outcomes across various SDGs, improving health, reducing conflicts, alleviating poverty, and promoting sustainable practices. This underscores the interdependent nature of the SDGs, highlighting how progress in one goal can lead to advancements in multiple other areas, ultimately contributing to a more sustainable and prosperous world.
Like this example, if one problem can be solved, many related problems can also be solved. Focusing all efforts on solving one problem may be one idea to achieve SDGs. I understand how difficult it is to solve even one of those problems. But, I believe that there is nothing that cannot be solved if society as a whole, including myself, works together.
I believe that the SDGs will be successfully achieved, leading to the resolution of all global challenges.